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Artlist — Center for Contemporary Arts Prague

Dalibor Chatrný

First Name
Dalibor
Surname
Chatrný
Born
1925
Birth place
Brno
Place of work
Brně
Website
www.chatrny.cz
Died
2012
Lived and worked in
Brno
Keywords
body art
drawing
graphic art
CSU Library
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About artist

The versatile artist Dalibor Chatrný, who made his name on the Brno art scene, is one of the most important and productive representatives of post-war abstract art in this country. As well as graphics, on which his work is based and which he returned to again and again throughout his life, Chatrný uses a wide range of other expressive means. He explores in detail the thresholds of the medium he is working with at any given time, and investigates all of its aspects. As well as classical creative resources he was intuitively drawn to manifestations of action and conceptual art at that time and examined the relationship of creative art to the immanent forces of nature and landscape. For a long time he was concerned with the link between the semantic contents of words and their possible visual form. As well as artistic interpretations of photography he is the creator of several audiovisual works.

 

In the series of abstract woodcuts from the beginning of the 1960s (Cleavage, 1961; Signals, 1962), which resulted not only in graphic images but also printed forms as an autonomous artwork, he rhythmatised visual space using simple geometrical shapes. In parallel with cycles of tempera and acronex paintings, in 1963 he arrived at a radical restriction of the authorial subject in a cycle of paintings by magnet, in which traces of Indian ink were left by drawing coloured iron filings across the surface of the paper. Three years later he eliminated the role of creator completely, when he exhibited a signed sheet of paper without any authorial intervention. Around the middle of the 1960s he became interested in the creative process for its own sake in cycles of partially painted relief graphics (Režrot, 1966), combining gaufrage and collage with found technical materials.

 

In the second half of the decade work with prints and the rhythm of grids led Chatrný to sets of perforated graphics, which blurred the boundary between a creative geometric artefact and damaging of the torn paper. At this time the register of creative media with which Chatrný worked expanded significantly. As well as three experimental films created in collaboration with the composer Alois Simandl Piňos (Static Music, Genesis, Grids, all 1970), which were intended for simultaneous projection in the form of an audiovisual triptych, an eight-hour exhibition in the Procházka Hall of the Brno House of Arts in November 1970 played a key role in his output. The exhibition was created by visitors to the gallery, who connected prepared metal and plexiglass cylinders using a network of twine. This unique live event transcended the gallery space when the public began linking objects in the interior with a bust in the park outside.

 

As well as the exhibition in Jihlava, which took place a year after that in Brno, Chatrný created paintings in space using white string in several visual objects (two boards linked by string forming the picture Untitled, 1970) and graphic cycles (String Projects, 1970). From the end of the sixties onwards Chatrný worked on applying magnetic force in subtle and changeable objects (Untitled (Two Situations), 1970; Magnetic Cabinets, 1972). Soon he began creating photographs in which he experimented with magnets and iron filings (Magnets in Teeth, 1973), as documentation of his radical research into the organic behaviour of technical material and its possible symbiosis with various parts of the human body.

 

Chatrný also took an interest in land art, not only in works actually created in landscapes (e.g. Mirrors in the Landscape, 1974), but also in a host of utopian projects in negative and aerial sculptures, in which he appropriated entire cut-outs of real space (Projects of Aerial Sculptures into the Atmosphere, 1973). At the time the period of normalisation began, he was developing an interest in artistic books and the utilisation of text in visual art. His interest in literature was reflected in oft-cited prose and poetic works. For instance, during the 1960s Chatrný used texts by Paul Celan in Indian ink drawings, and in 1982 he paid homage to Robert Musil when he transcribed The Man without Properties onto the pages of an Atlas of Cultivated Plant Diseases and Pests. As well as using extracts from literature, he amassed a huge quantity of work on paper which examined the meaning of words and the associations they provoke (Instructions to Painters and Decorators, 1972; On Colours, 1972).

 

Very often Chatrný simply made minimal interventions in the photography of other artists from the 1960s. For instance, he changed the relations between photographed objects and persons by linking them with lines and string (Photographs Interpreted by String, 1978), or in series of photographic collages (Reduced Portraits, 1978). Chatrný remains faithful to the main principles of his aesthetic in later years, and enriches them, for instance using painting with two hands (the twenty-metre work entitled A deux mains – Unrepeatable, 1987). In the 1990s he developed the principles of automatism in the extensive cycle Paintings with Obstacles. Chatrný used his own work of the previous decades as a source of ongoing creative procedures and as an integrated and organic whole in collages composed of fragments of his older works (Collected Work, 2000).

Author of the annotation
Jakub Hauser

Published
2010

CV

Studies:
1949-1953 Academy of Fine Arts Prague (Vladimír Sychra, Vladimír Silovský)
1945-1949 Faculty of Education, Charles University, Prague
(Cyril Bouda, Martin Salcman, Josef Sejpka, František Kovárna, Karel Lidický)

Employment:
1992-1994 department of scenography, Janáček Academy of Performing Arts in Brno
1992-1993 concept studio at the Faculty of Fine Arts,
Brno University of Technology, Brno
1990-1992 Academy of Fine Arts in Prague
1963-1986 Secondary School of Applied Arts Brno

Awards:
2001 Cena Sdružení A - R, Christmas, Bratislava
2000 Cena Michala Ranného, Moravská galerie Brno
1997 Cena Vl. Boudníka za rok 1996, Hlavní město Praha
1985 Cena 4. Biennale europänischen Grafik, Baden - Baden
1968 Cena 1. bienále Výzkumu grafiky, Galerie Vysočiny Jihlava
1960 Cena Antonína Procházky, Jihomoravský KNV
Member of art groups included in ARTLIST.
Klub konkretistů
Soft-headed
Umělecká beseda
Member of art groups not included in ARTLIST.
TTklub

Exhibitions

Solo exhibitions
2012
Geofyzikální ústav AV ČR, Prague

2011
Památník Leoše Janáčka MZM, Brno
Galerie Závodný, Mikulov
Muzeum moderního umění, Olomouc
Topičův salon, Prague

2010
Galerie města Trutnova, Trutnov

2009
Galerie Ars, Brno
Galerie z ruky, Křížovice
Horácká galerie (s Bohuslavou Olešovou a Zdeňkem Šplíchalem), Nové Město
Galerie Malovaný dům (s Bohuslavou Olešovou a Zdeňkem Šplíchalem), Třebíč
Galerie Brno, Brno
Galéria umenie, Nové Zamky (Slovensko)
Muzeum Kampa, Praha

2008
Galerie Via art, Praha
Galerie Štenberk, Štenberk,

2007
Galerie na bidýlku, Brno
Galerie Patro, Olomouc

2006
Galerie Chagall, Ostrava
Galerie Benedikta Rejta, Louny

2005
Dům umění (s Jiřím Valochem a Nikosem Armutidisem), Opava
Dům umění, Brno
foyer Městského divadla, Ústí nad Labem

2003
Zlín, Krajská galerie výtvarného umění, Grafický kabinet, Dílo Dalibora Chatrného ve sbírce Jiřího Valocha

2002
Třebíč, Malovaný dům, Trojí koncept, s N. Armutidisem a J. Valochem, Brno, Galerie ARS

2001
Liberec, Malá výstavní síň fotografie, interpretované fotografie J. Štreita
Uherské Hradiště, Portál - Dům Knihy, s Danou Chatrnou

2000
České Budějovice, Dům umění, Texty
Brno, Moravská galerie, Náhoda setkání, Cena Michala Ranného
Brno, Galerie střepy, práce z 1. pol. 60 let
Brno, Moravská galerie, Návrh na houpací pomník, Prostor pro jedno dílo
Brno, Dům pánů z Fanálu, 3 audiovizuální skladby, spolu s A. Piňosem

Monography

Photo

Center for Contemporary Arts Prague www.fcca.cz 2006–2017
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