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Artlist — Center for Contemporary Arts Prague

Markéta Vaňková

First Name
Markéta
Surname
Vaňková
Born
1970
Birth place
Praha
Place of work
Prague a Grotte, Italy
i-datum
↳ Find in the VVP AVU database
Keywords
installation art
object
painting
video
CSU Library
↳ Find in the catalogue

About artist

Intermedia artist Markéta Vaňková is one of the striking representatives of the artistic generation of the 1990s, a generation in which, after a long absence, female artists have again made their mark. The gender perspective is not the key to interpreting her work, if we overlook the political connotations of the existence of a strong generation of female artists or how the next generation of (male) artists has seized on Vaňková’s work. Of more significance is that at a time when Czech art was moving away from painting and sculpture towards objects and installations, Markéta Vaňková was beginning to use painting as her form of expression (informed also however by other methods). At the Academy of Fine Art in Prague (Akademie výtvarných umění), where she studied in 1992–1999, she passed through the studios of Milan Knížák, Jiří David, Vladimír Skrepl, Jindřich Zeithamml, and Michael Bielický, ultimately returning to Knížák’s studio, where she completed her studies. In her paintings she experimented with synthetic colours, unusual foundations (e.g. an aluminium mat, corrugated iron, plastic) and painting techniques. At the end of her first year she created the action painting Bridge (Most, 1993), throwing plastic bags filled with colour off of Nusle Bridge onto a giant canvas. Slightly younger artists (Evžen Šimera, Ondřej Brody, Viktor Frešo, Jiří Skála a Marek Ther) explained this act to themselves as ‘extreme and in a masculine way strong’ (Šimera) and responded to it with their own variations, most of which were gentler in nature (they threw balloons filled with mineral water instead of colour from the bridge or made drawings out of melted caramel). Her work can be interpreted as an alignment with a certain tradition of action painting in the Czech Republic and a kind of gender polemics. She exhibited work in an exhibition titled Markéta Vaňková at NoD Gallery in Prague in 2005.

 

Vaňková’s paintings from the 1990s reflect the rhythm of dance music and the wildness of the transition era, when it seemed that everything was possible (e.g. the cycle Brothers / Bratři, 1995­–1996, the graduation piece she created to complete her bachelor studies). The artist does not sharply distinguish between figurative and abstract painting, expressing herself one time in portraiture and another time in landscape or monochrome art. Nevertheless, in the second half of the 1990s she was one of the few artists who were revitalising the interest in abstraction in painting in this country (see, e.g., the exhibition Czech AbstraHtion / Česká abstraHce, 1996). As noted above, painting is the focal point of her work, but her portfolio also includes objects, installations, and video work. It is telling that while she profiled herself as a painter while a student, she graduated with a collection of objects made out of tyres (Formula Vagus - Gulf/ Formule Vagus / Záliv, Bonsai Bank, Nora (Lying Down) / (Ležící) Nora, all from 1999, now in the collection of the National Gallery / Národní galerie in Prague). And although her works vary in terms of the devices she employs, what she communicates through them rests within a relatively delimited sphere. Among the stories, motifs, and themes that come and go and come again a prominent place is occupied the artist’s dialogue with her own, minutely elaborated inner world, which adds a dynamism to the polarity of the male and female principles. The imaginary landscape of her mind and her personal experiences are intermixed with external references to literature or art history. Her alter ego, Dr Inframulti, is a man with the face of Marcel Duchamp, in a Warholesque wig, a Dalíesque moustache, and Leonardo da Vinci-type beard. Vaňková not only paints and draws portraits of Dr. Inframulti, she also incarnated him in her video Louvre Libre (2002). It is no accident that the interior that the camera statically captures then adorns her painting Gateway to the Mysterious Female (Brána tajemné samičky, 2002) done on a diamond-shape canvas. Complex layers and self-referring allusions run right through her body of work – for instance, in her series of architectural models, whose walls and floors are adorned with smaller-scale reproductions of her own works. Like Marcel Duchamp she does not have to wait for the ideal private collector or enlightened director of a modern art museum to come along, she can do the work for them. Another thing she has in common with Duchamp is the long periods of silence and seeming inactivity. Her most recent paintings, which were created after a long gap, pick through the mimicry of the environment in which she now partly lives. In the agricultural sheds and rural garages of her Mediterranean friends, she paints realistic still lifes, real slices of everyday reality. 

Author of the annotation
Terezie Nekvindová

Published
2015

CV

Education:
1992-1999 Academy of Fine Arts in Prague í (Milan Knížák, Vladimir Skrepl, George David, Henry Zeithamml, Michael Bielický)
1984-1988 The Secondary School of Applied Art, Bechyně

Grants, scholarships:
2002 Czech-Swiss Cultural Fund, Cité International des Arts, Paris, France
1997 Czech-Swiss Cultural Fund, Kupferdrückerai Peter Kneubühler, Zurich, Switzerland

Exhibitions

Solo exhibitions
2009 Antiplus a antiminus, Galerie kresby, Ostrava
2008 Take Your Sunglasses / Hořící černá díra, A. M. 180, Praha
2004 Miska s kořenem / A Cup of Spacetime, Galerie Holec.cz
2002 Louvre Libre, Galerie Pod kamennou žábou, České Budějovice
2001 Utopenci, Galerie Jelení, Praha
1999 Ostrava 1999, Galerie Černý pavouk, Ostrava
Group exhibitions not included in ARTLIST.
2014 Někdy v sukni, Moravská galerie v Brně / Galerie hlavního města Prahy
2009 19 Years After, Velvyslanectví ČR, Berlín, Německo
2008 Absence v záznamu, Galerie Václava Špály, Praha
2006 Sbírka Richarda Adama, Wannieck Gallery, Brno
2005 Mezinárodní bienále současného umění – Druhý pohled, Národní galerie, Veletržní palác, Praha
2003 Konfrontace, Svárov
2003 Nejmladší, Národní galerie, Veletržní palác, Praha
2003 Image to Print, UPM, Praha
2002 Bienále mladých (v rámci prezentace galerie Jelení), GHMP, Dům U Zlatého prstenu, Praha
2002 Junge Tschechische Kunst, Erholunghshaus Bayer AG, Leverkusen, Německo
2001 Laboratoř současného umění, Národní galerie, Veletržní palác, Praha
2001 Crisscrossing, Broumov
2000 Ar(t)esco, Tesco, Praha
2000 Konec světa?, Národní galerie, Palác Kinských, Praha
2000 Zdroje nového stylu, Jízdárna Pražského hradu, Praha
2000 Machův šachový kroužek, Dejvická galerie Vincence Kramáře, Praha
1999 Zelená, Galerie AVU, Praha
1999 The Last Recycled Apartment, Monitor, Praha
1999 Neplánované spojení, Mánes, Praha
1999 Fünf studenten aus Prag, Galerie M, Berlín, Německo
1999 Diplomanti AVU, Karolinum, Praha
1999 99 CZ, Václavské nám. 13-15, Praha
1999 O lásce, Richterova vila, Praha
1999 Vidiny, NoD, Praha
1999 …, NoD, Praha
1998 City, Bořivojova 106, Praha
1998 Metro, Galerie Černý pavouk, Ostrava
1997 AVU, Mánes, Praha
1997 Demo-de, Dům umění města Brna, Dům pánů z Kunštátu, Brno
1997 Dum, Bořivojova 106, Praha
1997 s…s…, Bunkr, Praha
1997 Reciprocita, Galéria Médium, Bratislava, Slovensko
1997 Umění ve veřejném prostoru, Národní galerie, Veletržní palác, Praha
1996 Česká abstraHce, Galerie Václava Špály, Praha
1996 4 autoři, Galerie MXM, Praha
1996 Konfrontace, Svárov
1995 Zkušební provoz, Mánes, Praha
1995 AVU, Mánes, Praha
1994 Netz Europa, Austria Tabakwerken, Linec, Rakousko
1993 AVU, Dům U Hybernů, Praha
Collections
National Gallery in Prague, Collection of Modern and Contemporary Art

private collections in the Czech Republic, Japan, Germany, Switzerland, USA

Monography

Articles

Články:

Marek Pokorný, 2 x MXM, Detail, 1996, č. 8, s. 28.

Lenka Lindaurová, Markéta Vaňková, Art&Antiques, 2005, květen, s. 83.

 

Rozhovory:

Terezie Nekvindová, Kudy vede přímost přímky? Rozhovor s Markétou Vaňkovou, in: Pavlína Morganová (ed.), Někdy v sukni, Moravská galerie v Brně – Galerie hlavního města Prahy, 2014, s. 173–177.

 

Autorská přednáška:

13. 5. 2009: Oscilace, fluktuace a úhly pohledu, Akademie výtvarných umění v Praze

http://dl.avu.cz/lang/cz-cs/2009/03/marketa-vankova-hoste-ondrej-brody-jiri-skala-evzen-simera-viktor-freso-a-marek-ther/

 

DVD-ROM:

Markéta Vaňková, Louvre Libre (2002, 3 min 30 s), in: Kdo se směje. Umění o světě umění, DVD-ROM, koncepce a texty: Terezie Nekvindová a Sláva Sobotovičová, Akademie výtvarných umění v Praze, Vědecko-výzkumné pracoviště, Praha 2013.

Other critical texts

Výstava Markéta Vaňková, vystavující: Evžen Šimera, Ondřej Brody, Viktor Frešo, Jiří Skála, Marek Ther, Praha, NoD, 2005: evzensimera.name/2005-2/marketa-vankova

Personal texts not included in database

Markéta Vaňková, [Poušť plná zvuků…], Detail, 1996, č. 9–10, s. 20–21.

Photo

Center for Contemporary Arts Prague www.fcca.cz 2006-2015
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